What are human rights?
Human rights are basic rights that every person is born with, regardless their race, gender nor religion.
Human rights are not only rights of a person but within they hold also responsibilities to respect other people’s basic rights. Human rights regulate the relations between an individual and the state (public sphere). Human rights are values to follow and even though they cannot be taken away, they can develop through time, together with the development of the society.
Quite often a term ‘basic rights’ are being used to describe human rights. Human rights=basic rights. The term of basic rights is more often used in the European legal systems, in the Council of Europe and in the European Union. In Estonia human rights, freedoms and responsibilities are constituted in the II chapter of the Constitution. Those rights and freedoms are ensured to all Estonian citizens, but also to foreigners staying in Estonia and to people without citizenship.
Human rights are generally obligatory and they are ensured by countries’ local laws.
Human rights are stated in: